Balm of Gilead Oil The young buds of balsam poplar trees secrete a powerfully aromatic and healing resin high in salicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin. The scent of this oil is sweet and clean, like the freshest spring day. It is analgesic, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory. Balm of Gilead oil is one of the first infused oils that Karen learned to make. In 1981, while she was living on the banks of the Russian river in Kodiak, Alaska. Under a Balsam Poplar tree, in spring, the buds of the tree began to ooze with yellow green sap that filled the air with a miraculous scent. She was reading one of Jean Rose's herbals to learn that people had been making analgesic oils with this sap and/or the sap of trees like it for centuries. Karen kept a little of that original oil pressing in a rose colored glass bottle that belonged to my grandmother. How to Use: Massage into tired muscles and joints, pour one tablespoon into hot bath water, or apply to minor skin irritation. Enjoy the uplifting scent. Ingredients: *olea europea, olive oil, *helianthus, Sunflower Oil, fresh buds of Populus balsamifera*, Vitamin E oil (Tocobiol non-GMO certified Mixed Tocopherols).*Denotes certified organic. *The percentage of this product which is made from organic plant materials is 99%.. An *asterisk indicates the various organic ingredients we used in the formulation of this product. These were either wild-crafted, or grown under the care of a certified organic farmer without the use of pesticides, herbicides or other poisonous chemicals. This product contains no commercial fragrances. This product has received a rating of “0” from EWG. This is a rating system from the Environmental Working Group. A rating of "0" indicates that this product has little if any know health risks associated with its ingredients. Test on Animals – Never! Karen's Botanicals has never tested our products on animals.