Pennyroyal Ginger Oil Pennyroyal is an emmenagogue. This promotes menstrual flow and can reduce cramping. Ginger is warming, it can increase circulation, and it is long used for settling the stomach. Pennyroyal is also a traditional, safe and effectiveinsect repellent, especially for fleas. Avoid contact with mucous membranes. How to Use Massage 1/2 teaspoon into belly for warmth and easing of menstrual cramps. Enjoy the rich, calming aroma. Rub a teaspoon into your animal's fur and watch the fleas run away. Caution: Do not use during pregnancy. EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Ingredients: *olea europea, olive, *helianthus, Sunflower,*Mentha Pulegium, Pennyroyal leaf, *Organic zingiber offcinale, ginger* and Vitamin E oil (Tocobiol non-GMO certified *Mixed Tocopherols). *The percentage of this product which is made from organic plant materials is 100%.. An *asterisk indicates the various organic ingredients we used in the formulation of this product. These were either wild-crafted, or grown under the care of a certified organic farmer without the use of pesticides, herbicides or other poisonous chemicals. This product contains no commercial fragrances. Testing on Animals – Never! Karen's Botanicals has never tested our products on animals.